Modeling the Turning Speed and Car Following Behaviors of Autonomous Vehicles in a Virtual World

José Gerardo Carrillo-González, Jesús Arámburo-Lizárraga, Ricardo Ortega-Magaña

Resumen


This article deals with mathematical models for controlling vehicles behavior in a virtual world, where two behaviors are considered: 1) curve turning and 2) car following situations, in this last is essential to provide a safety distance between the leader and the follower and at the same time keep the follower not delayed with respect to the leader, and in a curve turning the complexity is to provide a safety speed inside the curve and keep the car inside the lane. Using basic information as vehicles position, mathematical models can be developed for explaining the heading angle and the autonomous vehicles speed on curves, i.e. the controlled by the models. A model that predicts the autonomous vehicle speed on curves is developed considering previous data in other curves. Two models that control the acceleration/deceleration behavior of autonomous vehicles in a car following situation are proposed. In the first model, the parameters are calibrated with a proposed algorithm which enables accuracy in order to imitate the human behavior for accelerating and braking, and the second model provides a safety distance between the follower and the leader at sudden stops of the latter and employs the acceleration/deceleration top capabilities to follow the leader car similar to the human behavior.

Palabras clave


mathematical model; car following; curve turning; autonomous behavior; simulation

Texto completo:

PDF