Chemical sensor network for pH monitoring

Claudia Manjarrés, David Garizado, Maria Obregon, Natalia Socarras, Maria Calle, Cecilia Jimenez-Jorquera


Monitoring of water sources is a major concern worldwide. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) may be used for this monitoring. However, current systems employ mainly physical sensors for variables such as temperature, pressure, humidity and light. Wireless chemical sensors networks (WCSNs) for environmental monitoring are scarce due to the lack of autonomy of conventional sensors. This paper presents results of a WCSN for monitoring pH based on ion selective field effect transistors (ISFETs). Sensing nodes employ a human interface required for in situ calibration of chemical sensors. Unlike most studies, our work evaluates the network employing chemical measurements and wireless network metrics. Results show zero packet losses by using a time division multiple access (TDMA) protocol. The network allows wireless communication within 300m including attenuation from buildings and trees. Therefore, the system presented in this paper is suitable for long range applications with unobstructed line of sight. pH measurements present a standard deviation below 1%, showing high repeatability. When compared to a commercial pH meter, difference in measurements is below 5%. As a  consequence, accuracy is adequate for the application. Measurements also  presented high stability during 3 h of continuous measurement.


Water resources; Wireless sensor network; TDMA; pH-ISFET; Pseudo-reference electrode 1

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