Effectiveness of pre-driver education programme for high school students:Application of Theory of Planned Behaviour on road risk taking behaviour

Vilius Floreskul, Kristina ˇZardeckait˙e-Matulaitien˙e, Auks˙e Endriulaitiene, Laura Seibokait˙e

Resumen


YouthResumenLituania ha sido clasificada reiteradamente por los extranjeros como poseedora de algunos de los peores indicadores estadísticos en seguridadvial. Ahí, las colisiones de tráfico son causa principal de lesiones y mortalidad en jóvenes (5-25 a˜nos), especialmente en el rango de edad deentre los 15 a 24 a˜nos. La revisión de la literatura indica que los estándares Lituanos en seguridad vial podrían incrementarse con intervencioneseducativas teóricamente racionalizadas. La teoría de la conducta planificada (TCP) se empleó para dise˜nar y evaluar la eficacia de un programade educación en seguridad vial para preconductores, en el cambio de componentes conductuales que predicen conductas de toma de riesgos alvolante (CTRV) en estudiantes adolescentes. Participaron en un estudio cuasi-experimental estudiantes del grado 11 (N = 302) pertenecientes a 10escuelas, 6 de ellas asignadas al grupo experimental y 4 al grupo control. El grupo experimental recibió una intervención educativa de 4 h, despuésde la aplicación del cuestionario de línea base. Como indicadores de efectividad del programa, 5 componentes de CTRV basados en constructosdel modelo de creencias de salud y la TCP fueron medidos en un intervalo de 2 semanas. Los estudiantes del grupo experimental tuvieron actitudesmás negativas hacia la CTRV, estaban menos dispuestos a participar en este tipo de comportamiento y percibieron a sus compa˜neros como menostolerantes a este comportamiento después de la intervención. No hubo cambios significativos en los componentes, pero en el grupo control huboun cambio negativo en percepción de amenaza. Los resultados mostraron que el programa logró cambiar componentes conductuales que predicenCTRV de los estudiantes∗

Palabras clave


Educación; Seguridad vial; Teoría de la conducta planificada; Jóvenes

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbhsi.2017.08.003